School for Conservation of Natural Resources
Centre for ISM Informatics and Theoretical Foundations
The use of Information Technology for processing the vast and rich Materia Medica of traditional systems of medicine was pioneered by IAIM-FRLHT in 1995. This is an innovative program for the modernization of Indian systems of medicine in order to improve access, for a variety of research purposes. IAIM-FRLHT has developed the nation’s most comprehensive, multi-disciplinary databases on flora, fauna, metals and minerals of traditional Materia Medica. Data from primary texts over the period 1500 BC to 1900 AD have been systematically computerized to easily store and retrieve information on nomenclature, trade, distribution, Indian system of medicine, pharmacognosy and pharmacology. These databases have 68, 000 plant names in 32 languages & 16000 plant images.
CD's on Medicinal Plants in Siddha system of medicine
This CD contains 33,350 Tamil names of plants recorded in 26 well known texts pertaining to the Siddha system of medicine. These Tamil names have been correlated to 1600 botanical entities. The nomenclature section also incorporates correlation of these plant species with around 66,000 vernacular names in different Indian languages.
Detailed information has been compiled and incorporated for 500 plants recommended for BSMS curriculum of Siddha system. This includes Tamil reference slokas / padals explaining the properties and usages of plants, Simple remedies, and formulation information.
Detailed information on 1000 compound formulations incorporated in this CD includes Tamil scripts / padals from the classical texts. Interpretation on preparation and usage of these formulations is also given for easy understanding.
The section relating to the botanical information covers a range of data which includes around 1000 digital images of plants, their botanical descriptions as well as propagation methods, geographical distribution and pharmacology data of species, for which such data is available. The CD includes a common help file, which contains important articles related to Siddha system and a dictionary on Tamil technical terms used in this CD. There is also a detailed section on pharmaceutical standards.
An inventory of 1450 plant entities used in Siddha is incorporated in this help file with its botanical correlations.
The Bi-lingual (Tamil and English) browsing facility is an added advantage for facilitating the reach and query. This comprehensive CD is recommended for use by the students, teachers, practitioners and researchers of Siddha system of medicine.
CD on Medicinal Plants in Unani
This CD contains information on 307 plants(including the 275 plants recommended for BUMS curriculum) in Unani system of medicine. Five text of Unani medicine have been used for this literary research. A total of 380 plants have been identified as sources of Unani medicine, from these texts. It is estimated that there are around 500 plant entities in Unani medicine. Five Classical text of Unani medicine have been used for this literary research. The Nomenclature details like Arabic and Urdu name including synonyms and their botanical correlations of the plants are mentioned under the Unani profile part of this CD. This has information of properties and usages of the plants which are listed under the subheading as Main Therapeutic usage, Therapeutic usage, side effects, substitute and antidote of the drug selected. Usage deals with various indications of the selected plant drug and how to process and administer it under various clinical conditions. Information on Substitutes and dosage is also included.
To improve and enhance the identification of specific plant entities 720 digital plant images have been included. The botanical information such as morphology, distribution and propagation methods has also been added. The section on Formulations deals with more than 650 formulations of Unani pharmacopoeia, which are being used, in the industry. The comprehensive search facility provides for querying using Urdu name, botanical name, indications as well as formulation name. This CD also has a help file which has various important articles related to Unani system of medicine. Selected portions of the Urdu script contents, of the classical texts, have been included for authenticity and incorporated in this help file under Scripts -Urdu Scripts. An inventory of 380 plants used unani has been linked to its vernacular names and incorporated in this help file.
CD's on Medicinal Plants in Homoeopathy
A through review and data compilation from available literature (in India) relating to plants used in Homoeopathy has generated a master list of 550 botanical names. After establishing proper synonym linkages, this number has got reduced to 506 plant species. Each of these 506 species have been analysed for its geographical distribution. This has generated a list of 326 species, which have been identified as “recorded in India”. It incorporates such species, which are wild in India including naturalized ones and/ or cultivated/ planted in India. The materia medica section deals with the effect of 375 plant drugs (263 Indian & 112 exotic) on various body organs including the mind. Data has been derived from more than 23 published works dealing with materia medica of Homoeopathy.
The Homoeopathic pharmacopoeia of India prepared and published by Ministry of Health &Family Welfare describes the standards for preparation of Homoeopathic mother tinctures. This has been incorporated for selected medicines under the HPI section of the CD.
The botanical information such as morphology, geographical distribution and propagation methods have been included along with more than 1000 digital images of plant entities. Pharmacological data wherever available, has been incorporated for selected plant species. The section on plants helps one to browse through those plants (information on 375 prioritized plants (263 Indian & 112 exotic)which are Indian, foreign, wild, cultivated, cultivated or planted or all of them. This CD also has a help file which has popular articles on various subjects of Homoeopathy.
Neighborhood Medicinal Plants of Bangalore city
This interactive and informative CD stores 270 neigbourhood medicinal plant species. It has collection of 28,481 local names from eight different languages. You can easily find them growing in your home gardens, parks, roads, lakesides, open area, temple etc. This CD is developed based on the field work by the expert botanists, Encyclopedia on Indian Medicinal Plants and reliable scientific publications.
Three simple ways to Navigate:
- Match a plant twig or a flower or a fruit with 613 photographs with their names.
- Search by local name to know correct scientific name of a plant.
- Search by 446 scientific name to know various local names of a plant.
Personal Digital field notes: 'Greenpad', is for every plant watcher to jot down field notes about your plant. You can add photographs. Create reports and projects.
Multiple uses: 300 students and teachers endorse this CD as one of the authentic reference material with plenty of uses. Apply it in your science projects, create database for the schools, establish herbs gardens and much more using the information in the CD.
CD on plants in Ayurveda
“Dravya guna shastra” or Ayurvedic materia medica on plants is the complete science on pharmacognosy of the plants used in our Indian medical heritage.
This CD contains comprehensive information about 370 plants recommended for BAMS syllabus. It includes around 2300 Sanskrit slokas with their translation in English. It contains 800 plant images, botanical correlation of Sanskrit names based on accepted studies and current understanding.
This CD on plants of Ayurveda follows the classical method of understanding medicinal plants viz., Namagyana, which is the knowledge about plant Nomenclature, Rupa-gyana - the knowledge of medicinal plant Identification and Guna-gyana, which is knowledge of its properties and usages.
Data on pharmacognosy, distribution, morphology and propagation of selected plants is given in detail.
Source of data embedded in this CD are compiled from around 20 Ayurvedic classical sources starting from 1500 BC to 1986 AD. It includes a glossary of around 3000 Sanskrit technical terms and popular articles.
CD on Indian Medicinal Plants in Trade
For developing a comprehensive list of plant species which are in trade as plant drugs, a systematic survey of major trading centres dealing in these materials was undertaken by FRLHT. The major markets covered under this study were Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Tuticorin, Kolkata, Amritsar and raw drug markets of Bastar region.
This CD provides detailed information of 500 traded Indian medicinal plants linked to 4000 trade names, 45,000 regional names and important medicinal usages.
This CD has 1000 images including that of rawdrugs, information on species distribution, plant morphology and selected plants propagation and pharmacoloy data.
“Must-Not-Miss-Material” for the Foresters, manufacturing units and NGO's engaged in conservation and educational activities.
CD on plants in Charaka Samhita
Caraka samhita (1500 BC-400 AD) is the oldest available classical text of Ayurveda and even today it forms the foundation for the medical practice of five hundred thousand physicians and students of Indian Systems of medicine.
The presently available text of Caraka Samhita has undergone various changes as found in the history of Indian medicine. Agnivesa, the disciple of Atreya punarvasu wrote the original composition called “Agnivesa Tantra” around 1000 BC from which, in 400 BC Caraka samhita was derived.
This CD contains three major sections, Namagyana which is the knowledge about plant Nomenclature, Rupa-gyana the knowledge of medicinal plant Identification and Guna-gyana which is knowledge of its properties and Usages It has complete information of 620 plants derived from 12,870 references of Caraka. 1700 formulations, and 600 plant images. It includes detailed information on plant classification, botanical information, distribution, morphology, and propagation information on selected plants. Another important features of this CD are bilingual display, a very user-friendly search facility, a detailed glossary of around 3000 Sanskrit words and a common help file on Ayurveda.
CD on clinically important plants in Ayurveda
This CD-ROM is a pioneering effort by FRLHT to bring some of the vast clinical knowledge of selected plants contained in Ayurveda for your easy reference.
The CD-ROM is indeed a veritable storehouse of invaluable information as it features more than 3000 Ayurvedic formulations (medicines) of 50 Clinically Important Medicinal Plants drawn from 7 classical texts of Ayurveda (1500 BC to 1700AD).
What does the CD have in Store for you?
- Information on Ayurvedic Formulations (Medicine) of Medicinal Plants drawn from classical texts of Ayurveda
- Sanskrit Reference Slokas (verses) of each plant derived from different sources, for quick cross-reference and authenticity.
- Classical profile of the chosen medicinal plants covering the properties and Actions, Synonyms, Vernacular Names, Textual References.
- Formulation Profile that covers the properties and actions of the ingredients of the formulation.
- Modern scientific information on different aspects of the plants such as Morphology, Distribution, Propagation & Pharmacology.
- Elegant Photographs of the plants that portray the life form of the plant as well as its raw drug. This also includes the different botanical correlations for easy identification.
An extensive and contextual Glossary of Sanskrit terms with their meaning clearly elucidated in English, with automatic popups when a word is double-clicked
CD on Prakruthi how to analyse your body constitution
A self-help tool for the analysis of your biological constitution (Prakruthi in Sanskrit literally means the Prime Nature). This helps you to identify your biological constitution, which in turn can help you to select appropriate diet and lifestyle suited to your unique body constitution. It can definitely help you to walk on the path of Swasthya (healthy living)
- The Prakruthi package contains all classical references to Prakruthi Analysis, in a clear and concise manner.
- Related topics of Ayurveda and Prakruthi are graphically illustrated for easy understanding.
- The questionnaire followed in this interactive package is completely authentic as it is based on classical Ayurvedic references.
- Interpretation is based on relative weightages given to each question. The extensive Prakruthi help file contains information on relevant aspects of basic principles of Ayurveda, and detailed life-style advice for each type of Prakruthi.
CD on medicinal plants of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
The information includes details of habit (life form), distribution, images, medical system, botanical names including synonyms and vernacular names (in different languages)
The number of medicinal plants recorded for the state of Karnataka is 1956 out of which, 1698 taxa occur in wild state.The remaining 258 include taxa that are either cultivated or planted in gardens and along roadsides.
1864 medicinal plants species are recorded for the state of Kerala.
The analysis of the medicinal plants of Kerala state shows herbaceous flora (863 species) to be dominant, followed by Trees (458), Shrub (269), Climber (234) and Liana (40) along with Red Listed Medicinal Species (64).
1793 Medicinal plants have been recorded in Tamil Nadu State. Herbs constitutes 45% coverage represented by 822 species. This is followed by trees (25% and 445 species) and shrubs (17% and 305 species). Nearly forty Red Listed Medicinal Species have been recorded in Tamil Nadu State.
“Must-Not-Miss-Material” for the Researchers, Foresters, Educational and Research Institutes engaged in conservation and educational activities.